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This climate type occurs primarily on the periphery of the true deserts in low-latitude semiarid steppe regions. It is transitional to the tropical wet-dry climate on the equatorward side and to the mediterranean climate on its poleward margin, with a cooler, wetter winter resulting from the higher latitude and mid-latitude frontal cyclone activity. Annual precipitation totals are greater than in tropical and subtropical desert climates. Yearly variations in amount are not as extreme as in the true deserts but are nevertheless large.
The K�ppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "BSk". (Tropical and Subtropical Steppe Climate).
The average temperature for the year in Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge is 41.3°F (5.2°C). The warmest month, on average, is July with an average temperature of 71.1°F (21.7°C). The coolest month on average is January, with an average temperature of 8.2°F (-13.2°C).
The highest recorded temperature in Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge is 110.0°F (43.3°C), which was recorded in June. The lowest recorded temperature in Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge is -59.0°F (-50.6°C), which was recorded in February.
The average amount of precipitation for the year in Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge is 12.2" (309.9 mm). The month with the most precipitation on average is May with 2.1" (53.3 mm) of precipitation. The month with the least precipitation on average is February with an average of 0.3" (7.6 mm). There are an average of 70.0 days of precipitation, with the most precipitation occurring in June with 10.0 days and the least precipitation occurring in October with 4.0 days.
In Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge, there's an average of 28.3" of snow (0 cm). The month with the most snow is March, with 5.9" of snow (15 cm).